Bone Morphogenetic Protein
Bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) is an isolated protein that induces specific cells in our body to form new bone. During surgery, the BMP is soaked onto and binds with a collagen sponge. The sponge is then designed to resorb, or disappear, over time. As the sponge dissolves, the bone morphogenetic protein stimulates the cells to produce new bone. The BMP also goes away once it has completed its task of jump starting the normal bone healing process.
Since there is no need to harvest bone from a second surgical site (hip, jaw, skull or tibia), BMP recipients were spared donor site pain. Complications from the graft harvest site are also eliminated with the use of bone morphogenetic protein. There can be swelling post-surgically after the use of BMP.